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Sampaguita - Jasminum sambac

Jasminum sambac (syn. Nyctanthes sambac) is a species of jasmine native to southwestern and southern Asia, in the Philippines, India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Common names include Arabian Jasmine, Full (فل) (Arabic), Bel/Beli (বেলীফুল, Bengali), Mogra (Hindi and Marathi), Mallikā (Sanskrit), Kampupot, Melati putih (Malay and Indonesian Language), Sampaguita (Filipino) Kampupot (Tagalog), Mallepuvvu (Telugu), Mallikaipu (Tamil), dundu Mallige (Kannada) and Kaliyan (Urdu). The botanic name sambac is derived from a misapplication of the Sanskrit name champaka, which refers to the fragrant flowered shrub Michelia champaca.

It is an evergreen vine or shrub reaching up to 1-3 m tall. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, simple (not pinnate, like most other jasmines), ovate, 4-12.5 cm long and 2-7.5 cm broad. The flowers are produced in clusters of 3-12 together, strongly scented, with a white corolla 2-3 cm diameter with 5-9 lobes. The flowers open at night, and close in the morning. The fruit is a purple-black berry 1 cm in diameter.

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 29 September 2010 22:36 )